Anyone ever make Lippmann plates?

Work from home

Work from home

  • 4
  • 2
  • 192
^

A
^

  • 9
  • 2
  • 227
portrait

A
portrait

  • 2
  • 1
  • 269
Nature Photographers

D
Nature Photographers

  • 0
  • 1
  • 166
Oh, deer?

D
Oh, deer?

  • 0
  • 0
  • 100

Forum statistics

Threads
178,545
Messages
2,455,772
Members
94,561
Latest member
Evergreen States
Recent bookmarks
0

BetterSense

Member
Joined
Aug 16, 2008
Messages
3,153
Location
North Caroli
Shooter
35mm
It sounds like a difficult process of limited displayability, but it seems intriguing in that it appears to reproduce the color spectrum in its entirety rather than using any RGB approach. I'm interested in more details as to how it's done.
 
Joined
Aug 20, 2006
Messages
211
Shooter
Medium Format
wiki
for everyone else who is as clueless as me.

sounds extremely interesting. good luck.
 

htmlguru4242

Member
Joined
Aug 9, 2005
Messages
968
Location
Sandy Hook,
Shooter
Multi Format
There's a PDF file from somebody in the UK about making lippman emulsion and taking color photographs on it; it even includes a sample photo of the author. I'll see if I can find it and post a link.
 

htmlguru4242

Member
Joined
Aug 9, 2005
Messages
968
Location
Sandy Hook,
Shooter
Multi Format
Okay - found it. Hans I. Bjelkhagen wrote a paper concerning Lippman photography experiments that he did. He used commercially available panchromatic holographic plates manufactured by Slavich, which are available fairly inexpensively.

I've attached a PDF of the article.
 

Attachments

  • Lippman.pdf
    670.9 KB · Views: 1,328

c.w.

Member
Joined
Feb 16, 2009
Messages
122
Shooter
Multi Format
Ok, after reading that paper that sounds pretty awesome. If you wind up trying this please post the results!
 

R Shaffer

Member
Joined
May 9, 2007
Messages
436
Location
Santa Cruz,
Shooter
Multi Format
Well that's pretty darn cool. I may try and get my father-in-law ( optical physicist ) to translate and see if we can set up an experiment. Thanks for the pdf.
 

htmlguru4242

Member
Joined
Aug 9, 2005
Messages
968
Location
Sandy Hook,
Shooter
Multi Format
It may also be worth it to shoot the author of the article an e-mail. He's somewhat known among the holography forums (HoloWiki and such), and is apparently receptive to questions.
 

holmburgers

Member
Joined
Aug 13, 2009
Messages
4,444
Location
Vienna, Austria
Shooter
Multi Format
I definitely support your cause, for what it's worth.

This is definitely the most intriguing color "process" out there. When I initially learned about it not more than 6 months ago I (a) didn't understand it and (b) once I did understand it couldn't believe it!!

The pictures in the PDF are pretty damn good, I'm gonna print it out and read it soon.
 

holmburgers

Member
Joined
Aug 13, 2009
Messages
4,444
Location
Vienna, Austria
Shooter
Multi Format
Anyone still reading this thread??

http://www.slavich.com/technical.htm

This company sells the plates which Bjelkhagen used for his Lippmann plates. It looks as though purchasing the PFG-03c is fairly expensive, at least for one person. The minimum quantity looks to be 25 at 237 euros (about $320) PLUS shipping I'm sure, from russia, at 3.3 kG. Probably pretty expensive.

HOWEVER, a joint purchase would make this more viable. If there's interest, let me know or PM me. I'll inquire about smaller quantities.

UPDATE: Ok, so i added it to my basket to check shipping and it doesn't offer the US as a shipping location! What a blow to our egocentricity! I'll investigate futher...... ok, done. Looks like there is a distributor in San Francisco, and the prices are more reasonable.

http://www.laserreflections.com/
 
Last edited by a moderator:

R Shaffer

Member
Joined
May 9, 2007
Messages
436
Location
Santa Cruz,
Shooter
Multi Format
I've been doing quite a bit of reading on the topic. I was disheartened when I saw the price on the 4x5 PFG-03c plates. Plus these plates will fog without exposure, so you need to have a clearing brew on hand to defog them ( possibly ) prior to use. Also, while there is a fair bit of discussion about creating them ( mostly arcane & theoretical ), the people who have successfully made them are extraordinarily few and far between.

But I have not abandoned the idea of trying. What I have found is
1. You don't have to use the full color plates, you can get by with the film, but you won't get a full color spectrum ( as far as my little brain can figure ). So you could at least find out if you can get the inference pattern recorded.
2. You can't fix the plates as it will shrink/alter the inference pattern you are trying to record on the surface of the emulsion. So they have a couple developer formulas that include a bit of hypo in the developer, but you don't want the plates ( after developing ) to be in full sunlight.
3. The 10 deg Weirner prism is just a glass plate cut at a 10deg bevel, but it needs to be big enough to cover the image. It just so happens I have an assortment of these from 1 to 20deg, but they are only 1" square. I have not been able to find a source for purchasing the prisms.
4. You can make your own DCG plates. These are gelatine coated plates that you sensitize with Ammonium Dichromate. But I'm not clear as to many factors in using the DCG plates, like if they will work with the air-film reflection & how you develop the plates & if the plates need to soaked in H2O for viewing.

But, I would be interested in splitting an order of the 2 1/2" plates ( 30 for $95 ) . That way were only out $50 - $60 when/if the whole thing falls flat.
 

holmburgers

Member
Joined
Aug 13, 2009
Messages
4,444
Location
Vienna, Austria
Shooter
Multi Format
They definitely sound like fickle plates indeed. I'm in the process of reading more about modern Lippmann stuff, but once I get it all straight in my head, I might be willing to split an order with you. However, one more person would sweeten the deal, as 10 would be just enough probably.

Furthermore, what plans do you have for holding the film? Any idea how thick the PFG-03c plates are? I actually emailed laserreflections but they've yet to get back to me with the answer.
 

R Shaffer

Member
Joined
May 9, 2007
Messages
436
Location
Santa Cruz,
Shooter
Multi Format
The plates are 2.5mm thick.

I had a couple of ideas for a holder. Cannibalize one of my 4x5 film holders and insert a piece of 4 x 5 matt board with a 2 1/2" square opening. Or try and modify an old 4x5 dry plate holder I have. That's about as far as I've gotten.

Yes, a third person would be even better. If I can't get something in 10 tries, then I'll probably throw in the towel.
 

holmburgers

Member
Joined
Aug 13, 2009
Messages
4,444
Location
Vienna, Austria
Shooter
Multi Format
Yeah, I guess one could sacrifice a plate to build/modify a holder; working with it in the light. That's probably the least of our worries :wink:

I recall reading about the developing formulas, something about a Lumiere (autochrome?) developer formula being suitable. Probably in the linked PDF a few posts back. I emailed Hans Bjelkhagen and he sent me some files/articles about it. If you are interested, PM with your email and I can send you them. That goes for anyone else as well who might be gleaming this thread.

Looking forward to trying this, albeit down the road a bit. Not prepared to pull the cord just yet.

By the way, if you're interested in attempting integral photography, that's another realm where I'd need somebody to split a minimum order on a fly's eye array. However, better focus on one thing at a time, eh? Hahaha...
 

R Shaffer

Member
Joined
May 9, 2007
Messages
436
Location
Santa Cruz,
Shooter
Multi Format
With the new method there is no mercury mirror involved. The reflection is from the air-film behind the emulsion. With the air-film reflection, the inference pattern is right on the surface of the emulsion which makes development more difficult, so your processing can't shrink the emulsion.
 

Photo Engineer

Subscriber
Joined
Apr 19, 2005
Messages
29,033
Location
Rochester, NY
Shooter
Multi Format
With the new method there is no mercury mirror involved. The reflection is from the air-film behind the emulsion. With the air-film reflection, the inference pattern is right on the surface of the emulsion which makes development more difficult, so your processing can't shrink the emulsion.

And of course, prevention of shrinkage or any size change is very very difficult.

PE
 

R Shaffer

Member
Joined
May 9, 2007
Messages
436
Location
Santa Cruz,
Shooter
Multi Format
Yes, it's probably the Achilles heel of the whole process. But they have some developer formulas that are suppose to work and it sure would be cool.
 

Photo Engineer

Subscriber
Joined
Apr 19, 2005
Messages
29,033
Location
Rochester, NY
Shooter
Multi Format
Yes, it's probably the Achilles heel of the whole process. But they have some developer formulas that are suppose to work and it sure would be cool.

Several textbooks show the change in dimension of gelatin during silver development. Unfortunately, all gelatin changes during development and forms cracks and shrinks (or expands).

PE
 

Hologram

Member
Joined
Oct 17, 2006
Messages
141
Shooter
Medium Format
Anyone ever make Lippmann plates?
It sounds like a difficult process of limited displayability, but it seems intriguing in that it appears to reproduce the color spectrum in its entirety rather than using any RGB approach. I'm interested in more details as to how it's done.


I did put many French, German and some English written files related to Lippmann photography online - see http://www.holowiki.com/index.php/Lippmann_Papers

It may also be worth it to shoot the author of the article an e-mail. He's somewhat known among the holography forums (HoloWiki and such), and is apparently receptive to questions.
htmlguru4242 is offline


There's also a forum on Lippmann photography: http://holographyforum.org/phpBB2/viewforum.php?f=14&sid=ac12d8966be90d8d3cded0a99631bd6f

This company sells the plates which Bjelkhagen used for his Lippmann plates. It looks as though purchasing the PFG-03c is fairly expensive, at least for one person. The minimum quantity looks to be 25 at 237 euros (about $320) PLUS shipping I'm sure, from russia, at 3.3 kG. Probably pretty expensive.

In addition to Slavich there are COLOURHOLOGRAPHICS, ULTIMATE and SPHERE-S that sell panchromatic sensitized holographic AgX emulsions.
Layer thickness of these emulsions may be in the 5-10um range whereas for Lippmann work you'd rather need 1-3um.
So you may be better off trying one of the traditional recipes found in these old papers (http://www.holowiki.com/index.php/Lippmann_Papers).

With the new method there is no mercury mirror involved. The reflection is from the air-film behind the emulsion.

Actually, the „new“ method has equally been introduced in the late 19th century.

But they have some developer formulas that are suppose to work and it sure would be cool.

Yes, those are colloidal developers. Shrinkage is virtually absent, since no material is lost by the development.
 

k_jupiter

Member
Joined
Feb 3, 2004
Messages
2,570
Location
san jose, ca
Shooter
Multi Format
Anyone still reading this thread??

http://www.slavich.com/technical.htm

This company sells the plates which Bjelkhagen used for his Lippmann plates. It looks as though purchasing the PFG-03c is fairly expensive, at least for one person. The minimum quantity looks to be 25 at 237 euros (about $320) PLUS shipping I'm sure, from russia, at 3.3 kG. Probably pretty expensive.

HOWEVER, a joint purchase would make this more viable. If there's interest, let me know or PM me. I'll inquire about smaller quantities.

UPDATE: Ok, so i added it to my basket to check shipping and it doesn't offer the US as a shipping location! What a blow to our egocentricity! I'll investigate futher...... ok, done. Looks like there is a distributor in San Francisco, and the prices are more reasonable.

http://www.laserreflections.com/

Do a search in the plate camera forum for sources of slavich plates.

tim in san jose
 

R Shaffer

Member
Joined
May 9, 2007
Messages
436
Location
Santa Cruz,
Shooter
Multi Format
Several textbooks show the change in dimension of gelatin during silver development. Unfortunately, all gelatin changes during development and forms cracks and shrinks (or expands).

PE

Well, since I have been addicted to various alt processes I am accustomed to high failure rates and plodding thru problems. In an odd way that is part of the fun.
But after I get an image on the factory plates, I wanted to try out making my own emulsion so I could make bigger plates. The pdf files Chris got from Hans have the recipe & procedure for making the fine grain emulsion. Your input, PE, would be immensely valuable. If you would like I can forward the files to you. :D
 

R Shaffer

Member
Joined
May 9, 2007
Messages
436
Location
Santa Cruz,
Shooter
Multi Format
I did put many French, German and some English written files related to Lippmann photography online - see http://www.holowiki.com/index.php/Lippmann_Papers

There's also a forum on Lippmann photography: http://holographyforum.org/phpBB2/viewforum.php?f=14&sid=ac12d8966be90d8d3cded0a99631bd6f

Yes, those are colloidal developers. Shrinkage is virtually absent, since no material is lost by the development.

Thanks, I have spent quite a bit of time reading on the holography forums Lippman section ( including your posts ) and there was lots of info there.

Would the pyro formula I have come across in several places be a colloidal developer? I could not decide if the GP-2 or pyro developer would give me the best chance of success.
 

Photo Engineer

Subscriber
Joined
Apr 19, 2005
Messages
29,033
Location
Rochester, NY
Shooter
Multi Format
Well, since I have been addicted to various alt processes I am accustomed to high failure rates and plodding thru problems. In an odd way that is part of the fun.
But after I get an image on the factory plates, I wanted to try out making my own emulsion so I could make bigger plates. The pdf files Chris got from Hans have the recipe & procedure for making the fine grain emulsion. Your input, PE, would be immensely valuable. If you would like I can forward the files to you. :D

I would be happy to help in any way, but I am not sure what I can do for you as I have never worked with Lippmann emulsions.

PE
 

holmburgers

Member
Joined
Aug 13, 2009
Messages
4,444
Location
Vienna, Austria
Shooter
Multi Format
Hey, thanks for everybody's input. Especially the holo links.

What factors go into successful developing, that is, how can you avoid shrinkage? (no jokes necessary.... :wink:)

Is it temperature dependent, agitation, chemical, etc.? Lemme guess, all of the above! I wonder what the success rate is.

So here's a question... if you used mercury, would the shrinkage problem be minimized? Why must one use mercury? I guess it's because the mirror has to actually be in contact with the emulsion? So just sandwiching a mirror wouldn't work I suppose.

For what it's worth, making emulsions is way out of my league at the moment; I'll stick with the limitations of the available plates.

Lastly, could someone explain this sentence.... "The Slavich [PFG-03c] emulsion requires pre-development hardening in a formaldehyde solution." Is this the fogging that R Shaffer was referring to??

BTW: Lippmann plates can be projected, which to me seems like one of the most practical ways to display. It requires an aphengescope type projector (basically an opaque projector as far as I can tell). Here is a book link that describes it.... http://books.google.com/books?id=pq...=0CAYQ6AEwAA#v=onepage&q=aphengescope&f=false
 

Photo Engineer

Subscriber
Joined
Apr 19, 2005
Messages
29,033
Location
Rochester, NY
Shooter
Multi Format
Hydroquinone and HQ related developing agents cause micro cracks and shrinkage more than most other developing agents. Any tanning developer would cause this same type of effect to some degree, on a micro scale.

Prehardening with formalin or the like helps prevent such micro cracks and shrinkage.

PE
 
Photrio.com contains affiliate links to products. We may receive a commission for purchases made through these links.
To read our full affiliate disclosure statement please click Here.

PHOTRIO PARTNERS EQUALLY FUNDING OUR COMMUNITY:



Ilford ADOX Freestyle Photographic Stearman Press Weldon Color Lab
Top Bottom