Discussion in 'Miscellaneous Equipment' started by ChristopherCoy, Apr 7, 2012.

  1. ChristopherCoy

    ChristopherCoy Member

    Aug 9, 2011
    The Armpit of Texas
    Multi Format
    Did the camera industry experience a major manufacturing change in the mid to late 50's?

    The more I learn about old brands and models the more I think i notice that 1958 seems to be "the" year everything changed from folding cameras, to rigid bodies.

    Does anyone know which company came out with the very first camera that wasn't a folding camera?
  2. zsas

    zsas Member

    May 12, 2011
    Chicago, IL
    35mm RF
    I think it was Minolta's SR-2 that changed it all. Sure there might have been a SLR before but this was the mass market game changer (I could be wrong though)....
  3. dehk

    dehk Member

    Aug 4, 2010
    W Michigan
    Multi Format
    If you have to say 1958, Thanks to the Original SLR the Kine Exakta in 1936, lead to the modern SLR lay out with the 1957 Asahi Pentax. And thanks to all that you get a Nikon F in 1959.

    *If you ask that, the old Kodak brownie is a Box camera instead of a folder. So you'll have to think sometime before that even.
  4. jnanian

    jnanian Advertiser Advertiser

    Jun 21, 2003
    Multi Format
    maybe it had something to do with charles bronson ( man with a camera )
    or the first IHOP opening ?
  5. DWThomas

    DWThomas Subscriber

    Jun 13, 2006
    SE Pennsylvania
    Multi Format
    The Argus C3, a 35mm rangefinder goes back to about 1939. I bought mine at the very end of 1957 or so and I remember prior to that drooling over the Exactas and such that were way beyond what I could afford. Plus TLRs go farther back, at least to the thirties. It might be that the post-WWII recovery of manufacturing in Europe and Japan combined with the relative prosperity of the 1950s may have expanded the market and encouraged more use by "the masses."
  6. Ian Grant

    Ian Grant Subscriber

    Aug 2, 2004
    West Midland
    Multi Format
    By 1958 it was the advent of the Japanese cameras that was radically changing the market place. It wasn't particularly any one make although Nikon were spearheading the professional market for photojournalists.

    In contrast American and European manufacturers were mostly making lack lustre often clumsy cameras, there were exceptions like Leica and Hasselblad, and some of the more innovative European cameras were being made in East Germany but poor quality control held them back. The Praktina system was the firts full SLR system with a motor drive etc.Later the Prakticamat was the first SLR with TTL metering just beating the Spotmatic into the dealers.

    Looking at adverts for the time it's easy to spot the complacency in companies like Kodak who were still selling Box bownies and a motley range of other cheap cameras, in comparison Fuji were offering high end SLRs and Rangefinder cameras.

    Perhaps the biggest mistake after WWII was the reliance on leaf shutters in many West German cameras this made SLR design particularly awkward and the arrival of well engineered, well designed, reliable Japanese cameras with their clean ergonic styling which also made them much easier to use just devastated the German market which couldn't repsond quickly to change.

  7. Wade D

    Wade D Member

    Feb 15, 2006
    Jamul, CA
    Multi Format
    Folders were produced after 1958 but the popularity of the TLR & SLR were by far outpacing the demand for them. So I guess you could say that year might have been a turning point.
    For most of the last 4 decades I've used SLR's & TLR's. It's only in the last few years I've found a fondness for the folders.
    6x6, 6x9 & 4x5 (Crown Graphic) folders that are starting to see some use now.
  8. Philippe-Georges

    Philippe-Georges Member

    Apr 11, 2005
    Flanders Fie
    Multi Format
    Perhaps the Hasselblad 500C introduced in 1957 was the trigger?
  9. jnanian

    jnanian Advertiser Advertiser

    Jun 21, 2003
    Multi Format
    i think it was elvis presley's enlistment in the army
    ... or the last tom and jerry cartoon..

    could have been a lot of things :wink:
    Last edited by a moderator: Apr 8, 2012
  10. CGW

    CGW Member

    Apr 19, 2010
    Medium Format

    That was the watershed year. Nikon F debuted. Rangefinders are dead. Long live SLRs.
  11. BrianL

    BrianL Member

    Feb 17, 2010
    Toronto ON C
    Medium Format
    Exacta introduced the 1st practical SLR and there were offerings from Contax such as the Contaflex and Contarex. Also, Alpa but, not a major market player. In the '50s with the introduction of the 1st slr with the now common mechanical layout, the Contax and then the Ashahiflex (think it was called that), the slr market was established. When Ashahi added the internal metering (Spotmatic), the die was cast against all other designs that made up the majority of the market. I remember attending a photo show as a kid after the slr offerings took hold and a marketing manager from Asahi said every camera maker had to either go slr or go broke. It was like the transition from tubes to solid state, persons could not get rid of obsolete Rolleiflexes, Leicas, Nikon and other rangefinders and cameras like the Speed Graphic and other mf and lf cameras used by news agencies, etc. were relegated to the scrap heap as suddenly the 35mm was legit where for deacades before, none would consider it good enough to use even for a newspaper photo. A great time to collect some great vintage cameras for next to nothing.
  12. Ian Grant

    Ian Grant Subscriber

    Aug 2, 2004
    West Midland
    Multi Format
    Brian, you're muddling the early SLR Contax cameras with focal plane shutters made in Dresden by Zeiss Ikon just after WWII with the quite differeent West German, Stuttgart, made Contaflex/Contarex etc which used leaf shutters. The East German Contax S, D etc, is the now classic simple layout, later renamed as Pentacon.

    There's an interesting article in the BJP written in 1950/1 by HS Newcombe author of the 35mm -Miniature CameraPractice, as well as other books and article. Newcombe was also the owner of a large retail shop and discusses the dire shortage of good high quality cameras at the time. In the UK this was partly due to severe import restrictions but also because quality UK made cameras were in short supply and more basic cameras were of poor quality.

    Miniature Camera Practice details the main serious 35mm cameras of it's time and one striking thing is the number of companies who had disappeared bt the 1960's or stopped camera manufacture.My copy (1953) lists 45 manufactuers across the world, and only one of the companies Hansa (Canon) still makes cameras. Of course two other names are in use Voightlander and Zeiss but on Cosina made cameras.

    This really highlights the major shift from European made cameras nwhich had dominated between the wars and early 1950's and the growth of the Japanese brands which began in the mid 1950's and had become noticable by 1958.

    I think I have a late 1960's or early 70's BJP Annula article highlighting these changes, I may well have scanned it.

  13. Many slrs became available at reasonable prices and the folders and many rfs were dropped from production. I remember it well, because I really wanted a slr then.
  14. Sponsored Ad
  15. Peltigera

    Peltigera Member

    Mar 11, 2012
    Lincoln, UK
    Multi Format
    My oldest non-folding cameras date from 1936 and 1939 respectively - both Zeiss Ikon. Voigtlander introduced their Vito B in 1954 to replace the folding Vito II.

    Certainly, the cameras being produced in 1960 were very different to those produced in 1950. But I don't think you can put an exact date on it. There were many small gradual changes to camera designs over the decade.
  16. Dan Fromm

    Dan Fromm Member

    Mar 23, 2005
    Multi Format
    Ian, m'friend, please don't tar the Contarex with the Contaflex brush. The Contarex was a heavy somewhat klutzy very complex 35 mm SLR with a focal plane shutter and superlative optics, was improved considerably over time. The Contaflex was a cheap complex 35 mm SLR with leaf shutter.

    They were all in the market when was setting up but I couldn't justify buying any German (BRD, DDR) 35 mm SLR. At the time my quartet's second violinist was a Leicanut, spoke fervently about the Leicaflex "if you must have an SLR." Not for me, and none of that lot ever will be. But Contarexes are lovely artifacts.
  17. Ian Grant

    Ian Grant Subscriber

    Aug 2, 2004
    West Midland
    Multi Format
    Dan you're right the last Contarex cameras were the best, I remember being photographed by one of my school teachers who used one and still have some prints. In fact the late models where innovative in their own way taking interchangable 35mm backs.

    But your "Klutzy" comment sums them up along with many other West German SLR's of the era, UK buit cameras like the Wraflex were even worse, it took the Japapnese to streamline and popularise the SLR and also introduce good modestly priced Rangefinder cameras.

  18. Jim Noel

    Jim Noel Member

    Mar 6, 2005
    Large Format
    The Pentax was the first SLR with a built in, coupled rangefinder.
  19. EASmithV

    EASmithV Member

    Aug 22, 2008
    Multi Format
    January 1
    European Economic Community (EEC) founded.
    First Carrefour store opens, in Annecy.
    January 4 – Sputnik 1 (launched on October 4, 1957) falls to Earth from its orbit and burns up.
    January 8 – 14-year-old Bobby Fischer wins the United States Chess Championship.
    January 18 – Armed Lumbee Indians confront a handful of Klansmen in Maxton, North Carolina.
    January 20 – Anne de Vries releases the fourth and final volume of Journey Through the Night.
    January 28 – Hall of Fame baseball player Roy Campanella is involved in an automobile accident that ends his career and leaves him paralyzed.
    January 31 – The first successful American satellite, Explorer 1, is launched into orbit.
    February 1 – Egypt and Syria unite to form the United Arab Republic.
    February 2 – The word Aerospace is coined, from the words Aircraft (aero) and Spacecraft (space), taking into consideration that the Earth's atmosphere and outerspace is to be one, or a single realm.
    February 5
    Gamel Abdel Nasser is nominated as the first president of the United Arab Republic.
    The Tybee Bomb, a 7,600 pound (3,500 kg) Mark 15 hydrogen bomb, is lost in the waters off Savannah, Georgia.
    February 6 – Seven Manchester United footballers are among the 21 people killed in the Munich air disaster in West Germany on the return flight from a European Cup game in Yugoslavia. 23 people survive, but four of them, including manager Matt Busby and players Johnny Berry and Duncan Edwards, are in a serious condition.[1]
    February 11
    The strongest ever known solar maximum is recorded.[2]
    Marshal Chen Yi succeeds Zhou Enlai as Chinese Minister of Foreign affairs.
    Ruth Carol Taylor is the first African American woman hired as a flight attendant. Hired by Mohawk Airlines, her career lasts only six months, due to another discriminatory barrier – the airline's ban on married flight attendants.
    February 14 – The Hashemite Kingdoms of Iraq and Jordan unite in the Arab Federation of Iraq and Jordan with Iraqi King Faisal II as head of state.
    February 17 – Pope Pius XII declares Saint Clare the patron saint of television.
    February 20 – A test rocket explodes at Cape Canaveral.
    February 21 – A peace symbol is designed and completed by Gerald Holtom, commissioned by the Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament, in protest against the Atomic Weapons Research Establishment.
    February 23
    Cuban rebels kidnap five-time world driving champion Juan Manuel Fangio, releasing him 28 hours later.
    Arturo Frondizi is elected president of Argentina.
    February 24 – In Cuba, Fidel Castro's Radio Rebelde begins broadcasting from Sierra Maestra.
    February 25 – Bertrand Russell launches the Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament.
    February 28 – One of the worst school bus accidents in U.S. history occurs at Prestonburg, Kentucky; 29 are killed.
    March 1 – The Turkish passenger ship Uskudar capsizes and sinks at Izmit Bay, Kocaeli, Turkey; at least 300 die.
    March 2 – A British team led by Sir Vivian Fuchs completes the first crossing of the Antarctic in snowcat caterpillar tractors and dogsled teams in 99 days.
    March 8 – The USS Wisconsin is decommissioned, leaving the United States Navy without an active battleship for the first time since 1896 (it is recommissioned October 22, 1988).
    March 11 – A U.S. B-47 bomber accidentally drops an atom bomb on Mars Bluff, South Carolina. Its conventional explosives destroy a house and injure several people, but no nuclear fission occurs.
    March 17 – Convention on the Inter-Governmental Maritime Consultative Organization (IMCO) enters into force, founding the IMCO as a specialized agency of the United Nations.
    March 17 – The United States launches the Vanguard 1 satellite.
    March 19 – Monarch Underwear Company fire in New York.
    March 24 – The U.S. Army inducts Elvis Presley, transforming The King Of Rock & Roll into U.S. private #53310761.
    March 25 – Canada's Avro Arrow makes its debut flight.
    March 26
    The United States Army launches Explorer 3.
    The 30th Academy Awards ceremony takes place; The Bridge on the River Kwai wins seven awards, including Academy Award for Best Picture.
    March 27 – Nikita Khrushchev becomes Premier of the Soviet Union.
    April – Unemployment in Detroit reaches 20%, marking the height of the Recession of 1958 in the United States.
    April 1 – The BBC Radiophonic Workshop is established.
    April 3 – Castro's revolutionary army begins its attacks on Havana.
    April 4 – April 7 – In the first protest march for the Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament from Hyde Park, London to Aldermaston, Berkshire, demonstrators demand the banning of nuclear weapons.
    April 4 – Cheryl Crane, daughter of actress Lana Turner, fatally stabs her mother's gangster lover Johnny Stompanato (the stabbing is eventually ruled as self-defense).
    April 6 – Soraya Esfandiary Bakhtiari divorces the Shah of Iran, Mohammad Reza Pahlavi after she is unable to produce any children.
    April 14
    The satellite Sputnik 2 disintegrates in space after several orbits.
    Van Cliburn wins the Tchaikovsky International Competition for pianists in Moscow, breaking Cold War tensions.
    April 15 – The San Francisco Giants beat the Los Angeles Dodgers 8–0 at San Francisco's Seals Stadium, in the first Major League Baseball regular season game ever played in California.
    April 17 – King Baudouin of Belgium officially opens the World Fair in Brussels, also known as Expo '58. The Atomium forms the centrepiece.
    April 21 - United Airlines Flight 736 is involved in a mid-air collision with a U.S. Air Force F-100F-5-NA Super Sabre jet fighter near Las Vegas, Nevada. All 49 persons in both aircraft are killed.
    May 1
    Arturo Frondizi becomes President of Argentina.
    The Nordic Passport Union comes into force.
    May 9 – Actor-singer Paul Robeson, whose passport has been reinstated, sings in a sold-out one-man recital at Carnegie Hall. The recital is such a success that Robeson gives another one at Carnegie Hall a few days later; but, after this, Robeson is seldom seen in public in the United States again. His Carnegie Hall concerts are later released on records and on CD.
    May 10 – Interviewed in the Chave d'Ouro café, when asked about his rival António de Oliveira Salazar, Humberto Delgado utters one of the most famous comments in Portuguese political history: "Obviamente, demito-o! (Obviously, I'll sack him!)".
    May 12 – A formal North American Aerospace Defense Command agreement is signed between the United States and Canada.
    May 13
    French Algerian protesters seize government offices in Algiers, leading to a military coup.
    During a visit to Caracas, Venezuela, Vice President Richard M. Nixon's car is attacked by anti-American demonstrators.
    May 15 – The Soviet Union launches Sputnik 3.
    May 18 – An F-104 Starfighter sets a world speed record of 1,404.19 mph (2,259.82 km/h).
    May 20 – Fulgencio Batista's government launches a counteroffensive against Castro's rebels.
    May 21 – United Kingdom Postmaster General Ernest Marples announces that from December, Subscriber Trunk Dialling will be introduced in the Bristol area.[3]
    May 23 – Explorer 1 ceases transmission.
    May 30 – The bodies of unidentified United States soldiers killed in action during World War II and the Korean War are buried at the Tomb of the Unknowns in Arlington National Cemetery.
    June 1
    Charles de Gaulle is brought out of retirement to lead France by decree for 6 months.
    Iceland extends its fishing limits to 12 miles (22.2 km).
    June 2 – In San Simeon, California, Hearst Castle opens to the public for guided tours.[4]
    June 4 – French President Charles De Gaulle visits Algeria.
    June 8 – The SS Edmund Fitzgerald is launched; she will be the largest Lake freighter for more than a dozen years.
    June 16 – Imre Nagy is hanged for treason in Hungary.
    June 20 – The iron barque Omega of Callao, Peru (built in Scotland, 1887), sinks on passage carrying guano from the Pachacamac Islands for Huacho, the world’s last full rigged ship trading under sail alone.[5]
    June 27 – The Peronist Party becomes legal again in Argentina.
    June 29 – Brazil beats Sweden 5–2 to win the football World Cup.
  20. EASmithV

    EASmithV Member

    Aug 22, 2008
    Multi Format
  21. EASmithV

    EASmithV Member

    Aug 22, 2008
    Multi Format
    July 5 – Gasherbrum I, the 11th highest mountain in the world, is first ascended.
    July 7
    President Dwight D. Eisenhower signs the Alaska Statehood Act into United States law.
    The first International House of Pancakes (IHOP) opens in Toluca Lake, Los Angeles.
    July 9 – A 7.5 Richter scale earthquake in Lituya Bay, Alaska, causes a landslide that produces a huge 520-meter high wave.
    July 10 – The first parking meters are installed in Britain.
    July 11 – Count Michael Rhédey von Kis-Rhéde, direct descendant of Samuel Aba, King of Hungary, at the age of 60 is pistol-whipped and murdered over a few hectares of land by Czechoslovak Communists during the collectivization process at his residence in Olcsvar, Slovakia.
    July 15 – In Lebanon, 5,000 United States Marines land in the capital Beirut in order to protect the pro-Western government there.
    July 17 – British paratroopers arrive in Jordan; King Hussein has asked help against pressure from Iraq.
    July 19 - The Beatles, then The Quarrymen, pay 17 shillings and 6 pence to have their first recording session where they record That'll Be The Day by Buddy Holly and In Spite Of All The Danger by Paul McCartney and George Harrison.
    July 20 – Various rebel groups in Cuba join forces but the communists do not join them.
    July 24 – The first life peerage under the Life Peerages Act 1958 is created in the United Kingdom.
    July 26
    Explorer program: Explorer 4 is launched.
    Elizabeth II gives her son and heir apparent The Prince Charles the customary title of Prince of Wales.
    July 29 – The U.S. Congress formally creates the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA).
    July 31 – Tibetan resistance movement against rule by China receives support from the United States Central Intelligence Agency.
    August 1 – The last Tom and Jerry episode (Tot Watchers) made by William Hanna and Joseph Barbera is released. Tom and Jerry will not be released to theatres again until 1961.
    August 3 – The nuclear powered submarine USS Nautilus becomes the first vessel to cross the North Pole under water.
    August 6 – Australian athlete Herb Elliott clips almost three seconds off the world record for the mile run at Santry Stadium, Dublin, recording a time of 3 minutes 54.5 seconds.
    August 14 – A 4-engine Lockheed L-1049 Super Constellation aircraft belonging to KLM crashes into the sea with 99 people on board.
    August 17 – The first Thor-Able rocket is launched, carrying Pioneer 0, from Cape Canaveral Air Force Station Launch Complex 17. The launch fails due to a first stage malfunction.
    August 18
    Vladimir Nabokov's controversial novel Lolita is published in the United States.
    Brojen Das from East Pakistan swims across the English Channel in a competition, as the first Bangali as well as the first Asian to ever do it. He is first among 39 competitors.
    August 23
    Chinese Civil War: The Second Taiwan Strait crisis begins with the People's Liberation Army's bombardment of Quemoy.
    President of the United States Dwight D. Eisenhower signs the Federal Aviation Act, transferring all authority over aviation in the USA to the newly created Federal Aviation Agency (FAA, later renamed Federal Aviation Administration).
    August 27 – Operation Argus: The United States begins nuclear tests over the South Atlantic.
    August 29 – Michael Jackson, King Of Pop entertainment legend is born in Gary, Indiana.
    August 30 – September 1 – Notting Hill race riots: Riots between blacks and whites in Notting Hill, London.[6]
    September 1 – The first Cod War begins between the United Kingdom and Iceland.
    September 6 – Paul Robeson performs in concert at the Soviet Young Pioneer camp Artek.
    September 12 – Jack Kilby invents the first integrated circuit.
    September 14 – Two rockets designed by German engineer Ernst Mohr (the first German post-war rockets) reach the upper atmosphere.
    September 27 – Typhoon Ida kills at least 1,269 in Honsh?, Japan.
    September 28 – In France, a majority of 79% says yes to the constitution of the Fifth Republic.
    September 30 – The U.S.S.R. performs a nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya.
    October 1
    Tunisia and Morocco join the Arab League.
    NASA starts operations and replaces the NACA.
    October 2 – Guinea declares itself independent from France.
    October 4 – BOAC uses the new De Havilland Comet jets, to become the first airline to fly jet passenger services across the Atlantic.
    October 9 – Pope Pius XII dies.
    October 11 – Pioneer 1, the second and most successful of the 3 project Able space probes, becomes the first spacecraft launched by the newly formed NASA.
    October 16 – First broadcast of the long-running BBC Television children's programme Blue Peter.[7]
    October 21 – The Life Peerages Act entitles women to sit in the British House of Lords for the first time. The Baronesses Swanborough (Stella Isaacs, Marchioness of Reading) and Wooton (Barbara Wooton) are the first to take their seats.
    October 26 – First transatlantic flight of a Pan American World Airways Boeing 707.
    October 28 – Pope John XXIII succeeds Pope Pius XII as the 261st pope.
    November 3 – The new UNESCO building is inaugurated in Paris.
    November 10 – The Bossa nova is born in Rio de Janeiro, with João Gilberto's recording of Chega de Saudade.
    November 18 - The SS Carl D. Bradley sinks in a storm on Lake Michigan, killing 33 of the 35 crewmen on board.
    November 22 – The Menzies Liberal government in Australia is re-elected for a fifth term.
    November 23 – Have Gun, Will Travel debuts on American radio.
    November 25 – French Sudan gains autonomy as a self-governing member of the French colonial empire.
    November 28 – Chad, the Republic of the Congo, and Gabon become autonomous republics within the French colonial empire.
    November 29 - Ted Kennedy marries Joan Bennett at St. Joseph's Church in Bronxville, New York.
    November 30 – Gaullists win the French parliamentary election.
    December 1
    Adolfo López Mateos takes office as President of Mexico.
    Our Lady of the Angels School Fire: At least ninety students and three nuns are killed in a fire in Chicago.
    December 5
    Subscriber trunk dialling (STD) is inaugurated in the UK by the Queen, when she dials a call from Bristol to Edinburgh and speaks to the Lord Provost.[8]
    The Preston bypass, the United Kingdom's first motorway, opens to traffic for the first time. This stretch is now part of the M6 and M55 motorways.
    December 6 – The 3rd launch of a Thor-Able rocket, carrying Pioneer 2, is unsuccessful due to a 3rd stage ignition failure.
    December 9 – The right-wing John Birch Society is founded in the USA by Robert Welch, a retired candy manufacturer.
    December 14 – The 3rd Soviet Antarctic Expedition becomes the first ever to reach the Southern Pole of Inaccessibility.
    December 15 – Arthur L. Schawlow and Charles H. Townes of Bell Laboratories publish a paper in Physical Review Letters setting out the principles of the optical laser.
    December 16 - A fire breaks out in the Vida Department Store in Bogota, Colombia and kills 84 persons.
    December 19 – President Dwight D. Eisenhower broadcasts a message from a Project SCORE satellite.
    December 21 – General Charles de Gaulle is elected president of France with 78.5% of the votes.
    December 24 – A BOAC Bristol Britannia (312 G-AOVD) crashes near Winkton, England during a test flight.
    December 25 – Tchaikovsky's ballet The Nutcracker (the George Balanchine version) is shown on prime-time television in color for the first time, as an episode of the CBS anthology series Playhouse 90.
    December 28 – The Baltimore Colts beat the New York Giants 23–17 to win the NFL Championship Game, the first to go into sudden death overtime and "The Greatest Game Ever Played".[9].
    December 29 – Rebel troops under Che Guevara begin to invade Santa Clara, Cuba. Fulgencio Batista resigns two days later, on the night of the 31st.
    December 31 – Tallies reveal that, for the first time, the total of passengers carried by air this year exceeds the total carried by sea in transatlantic service.
    [edit]Date unknown
    Nikita Khrushchev orders Western allies to evacuate West Berlin within 6 months but backs down in the face of the allies' unity.
    USA, USSR and Great Britain agree to stop testing atomic bombs for 3 years.
    During the International Geophysical Year, Earth's magnetosphere is discovered.
    The last legal female genital cutting occurs in the United States.
    Denatonium, the bitterest substance known, is discovered. It is used as an aversive agent in products such as bleach to reduce the risk of children drinking them.
    The Jim Henson Company is founded.
    Instant noodles go on sale for the first time.
    The Japanese 10 yen coin ceases having serrated edges after a 5-year period beginning in 1953. All 10 yen coins since have smooth edges.
    The British Rally Championship begins its first year.
    The Amirkabir University of Technology is founded in Tehran.
    The University of New Orleans established
    Illinois observes the centennial of the Lincoln-Douglas Debates.
    Sicilian writer Giuseppe Tomasi di Lampedusa's novel Il Gattopardo is published posthumously.
    Welsh cultural critic Raymond Williams publishes Culture and Society.
    Based on birth rates (per 1,000 population), the post-war baby boom ends in the United States as an 11-year decline in the birth rate begins (the longest on record in that country).

    January 1 – Grandmaster Flash, African-American hip-hop/rap DJ
    January 2 – Vladimir Ovchinnikov, Russian pianist
    January 4 – Matt Frewer, Canadian/American actor (Max Headroom)
    January 4 – James J. Greco, American businessman
    January 9 – Mehmet Ali A?ca, Turkish militant, would-be assassin of Pope John Paul II
    January 11 – Vicki Peterson, American rock musician
    January 13 – Ricardo Acuña, Chilean tennis player
    January 15 – Boris Tadi?, Serbian president
    January 20 – Lorenzo Lamas, American actor, martial artist and reality show participant
    January 21 – Hussein Saeed Mohammed, Iraqi football player
    January 24 – Jools Holland, British musician
    January 25 – Dinah Manoff, American Tony-winning actress
    January 26 – Ellen DeGeneres, American actress and comedian
    January 27 – Kadri Mälk, Estonian artist and jewelry designer
    January 28 - Lagaf', French singer, humorist, animator TV and actor
    January 29 - Stephen Lerner, American labor and community activist
    February 1 – Ryo Horikawa, Japanese voice actor
    February 4 – Tomasz Pacy?ski, Polish writer (d. 2005)
    February 8 – Sherri Martel, American professional wrestler (d. 2007)
    February 11
    Michael Jackson, British broadcasting executive
    Regina Maršíková, Czechoslovakian tennis player
    February 13 – Pernilla August, Swedish actress
    February 14
    Grant Thomas, Australian rules footballer
    Francisco Javier Lopez Pena, Basque separatist
    February 16 – Ice-T, African-American rapper, songwriter, and actor
    February 19 – Steve Nieve, English musician
    February 21
    Jake Burns, Irish punk singer
    Mary Chapin Carpenter, American singer
    February 25 – Kurt Rambis, American basketball player
    February 26 – Susan Helms, American astronaut
    February 28 – Natalya Estemirova, Russian activist (d. 2009)
    March 1 – Nik Kershaw, English singer
    March 3 – Miranda Richardson, English actress
    March 5 – Andy Gibb, English-born singer (d. 1988)
    March 7
    Rik Mayall, English comedian and actor
    Donna Murphy, American actress and singer
    March 8 – Gary Numan, British singer
    March 9 – Linda Fiorentino, American actress
    March 10
    Steve Howe, American baseball player (d. 2006)
    Sharon Stone, American actress and producer
    March 13 – Linda Robson, English actress
    March 14 – Albert II, Prince of Monaco
    March 18
    Kayo Hatta, American film director (d. 2005)
    John Elefante, American singer and producer (Kansas)
    March 20 – Holly Hunter, American actress
    March 21 – Gary Oldman, English actor and filmmaker
    March 25 – James McDaniel, American actor
    March 26 – Todd Joseph Miles Holden, American-born social scientist, author, basketball coach
    March 27 – Jessica Soho, Philippine television celebrity and reporter
    March 28
    Bart Conner, American gymnast
    Edesio Alejandro, Cuban music composer
    Mr. Perfect, American professional wrestler (d. 2003)
    April 3
    Alec Baldwin, American actor (30 Rock)
    Francesca Woodman, American photographer (d. 1981)
    April 4 – Cazuza, Brazilian poet, singer and composer (d. 1990)
    April 10
    Yefim Bronfman, Russian-born pianist
    Kenneth "Babyface" Edmonds, African-American musician and record producer
    April 11 – Luc Luycx, Belgian coin designer
    April 12 – Ginka Zagorcheva, Bulgarian athlete
    April 15
    Keith Acton, Canadian ice hockey player and coach
    Benjamin Zephaniah, British writer and musician
    April 21 – Andie MacDowell, American actress
    April 24 – Brian Paddick, British former deputy assistant commissioner and most senior openly gay police officer
    April 25 – Fish, Scottish singer
    April 28 – Hal Sutton, American golfer
    April 29 – Michelle Pfeiffer, American actress
    May 4 – Keith Haring, American artist
    May 10 – Rick Santorum, former U.S. Senator
    May 11 – Christian Brando, American actor and eldest child of Marlon Brando (d. 2008)
    May 12
    Dries Van Noten, Belgian designer
    Eric Singer, American rock drummer
    May 15 – Ron Simmons, American professional wrestler
    May 18 – Toyah Willcox, English actress & singer
    May 20 – Ron Reagan, political pundit and son of U.S. president Ronald Reagan
    May 21 – Tom Feeney, American Republican politician from the state of Florida
    May 23
    Mitch Albom, American author
    Drew Carey, American comedian and actor
    Lea DeLaria, American comedian and actress
    May 25
    Paul Weller, English singer-songwriter
    Carrie Newcomer, American Singer-Songwriter & Musician
    May 26 – Margaret Colin, American actress
    May 26 – Moinul Ahsan Saber, Bangladeshi writer, editor.
    May 27 – Neil Finn, New Zealand singer and songwriter
    May 29
    Annette Bening, American actress
    Juliano Mer-Khamis, Israeli actor, director, filmmaker and political activist (d. 2011)
    May 30 – Marie Fredriksson, Swedish singer-songwriter
  22. EASmithV

    EASmithV Member

    Aug 22, 2008
    Multi Format
    June 2 – Lex Luger, former American professional wrestler
    June 3 – Margot Käßmann, Lutheran theologian, German bishop
    June 4 – Gordon P. Robertson, American televangelist and son of Pat Robertson
    June 7 – Prince, American musician
    June 8
    Cyril O'Reilly, American actor
    Keenen Ivory Wayans, African-American comedian, actor, and director
    June 12
    Rebecca Holden, American actress, singer, and entertainer
    Meredith Brooks, American singer/songwriter and guitarist
    June 14
    Masami Yoshida, Japanese athlete (d. 2000)
    Eric Heiden, American speed skater
    June 15 – Wade Boggs, American baseball player
    June 17 – Jello Biafra, American punk musician and activist (Dead Kennedys)
    June 20 – Chuck Wagner, American actor
    June 22 – Bruce Campbell, American actor, producer, writer and director
    June 24 – Curt Fraser, American ice hockey coach
    June 27 – Magnus Lindberg, Finnish composer
    June 28 – Félix Gray, French singer and songwriter
    June 29
    Jeff Coopwood, American actor, broadcaster and singer
    Rosa Mota, Portuguese long-distance runner
    June 30 – Esa-Pekka Salonen, Finnish conductor and composer
    July 2 – Thomas Bickerton, American Methodist bishop
    July 3 – Didier Mouron, Swiss artist.
    July 5 – William Watterson, American cartoonist (Calvin and Hobbes)
    July 6 – Jennifer Saunders, British comedienne and actress
    July 7 – Michala Petri, Danish recorder player
    July 8
    Kevin Bacon, American actor
    Pauline Quirke, British actress
    July 15
    Mac Thornberry, American politician
    Austin Hayes, Irish footballer (d. 1986)
    July 16 – Michael Flatley, Irish-born dancer
    July 20 – Billy Mays, American infomercial salesperson (d. 2009)
    July 22 – Tatsunori Hara, Japanese professional-baseball coach and player
    July 28 – Terry Fox, Canadian athlete and cancer activist (d. 1981)
    July 30 – Kate Bush, British singer and songwriter
    July 31 – Mark Cuban, American entrepreneur and basketball team owner
    August 1 – Adrian Dunbar, Irish actor and director
    August 7
    Bruce Dickinson, English musician (Iron Maiden)
    Russell Baze, champion jockey
    August 10 – Don Swayze, American actor
    August 15 – Victor Shenderovich, Russian writer
    August 16
    Madonna, American-born singer, songwriter, and actress
    Angela Bassett, African-American actress
    August 17 – Belinda Carlisle, American singer
    August 19 – Anthony Muñoz, American football player
    August 20 – Nicholas Bell, English actor based in Australia
    August 22 – Colm Feore, American-born actor
    August 24 – Steve Guttenberg, American actor
    August 25 – Tim Burton, American film director
    August 27 – Normand Brathwaite, African-Canadian comedian and television and radio host
    August 29
    Lenny Henry, British comedian
    Michael Jackson, American singer, songwriter and dancer (d. 2009)
    September 6
    Jeff Foxworthy, American comedian, actor, author
    Sione Vailahi, professional wrestler ("The Barbarian")
    September 8
    Mitsuru Miyamoto, Japanese voice actor
    Reiko Terashima, Japanese manga artist and illustrator
    September 10
    Chris Columbus (filmmaker), American film director/writer/producer
    Siobhan Fahey, Irish singer
    September 11 – Julia Nickson-Soul, Singapore actress
    September 13 – Pawel Przytocki, Polish conductor
    September 14
    Michael Bollner, German actor
    Jeff Crowe, New Zealand cricketer
    September 16
    Orel Hershiser, American baseball player
    Jennifer Tilly, Canadian/American actress
    September 19
    Lita Ford, British musician
    Azumah Nelson, Ghanaian boxer
    September 21 – Bruno Fitoussi, French poker player
    September 22
    Andrea Bocelli, Italian tenor
    Joan Jett, American musician
    September 23 – Marvin Lewis, American football coach
    September 24 – Kevin Sorbo, American actor
    September 25
    Michael Madsen, American actor
    Eamonn Healy, Irish chemist
    September 27 – Irvine Welsh, Scottish writer
    September 30 – Marty Stuart, American singer
    October 14 – Thomas Dolby, English rock musician
    October 16 – Tim Robbins, American actor
    October 17 – Alan Jackson, American country singer and songwriter
    October 20
    October 24 - Vincent K. Brooks, American Lieutenant General
    Viggo Mortensen, American actor
    Mark King, British musician
    Scott Hall, American professional wrestler
    October 25
    Phil Daniels, English actor
    Kornelia Ender, German swimmer
    October 27 – Simon Le Bon, English rock singer
    October 29 – Blazej Balaz, Slovak painter
    November 2 – Willie McGee, African-American baseball player
    November 8 – Jeff Speakman, American actor and martial artst
    November 10 – Vicky Rosti, Finnish singer, former Eurovision contestant
    November 12 – Megan Mullally, American actress, singer and media personality
    November 14 - Donna Wilkes, American film actress
    November 16
    Marg Helgenberger, American actress
    Boris Krivokapi?, Serbian academic
    November 17 – Mary Elizabeth Mastrantonio, American actress and singer
    November 18 – Laura Miller, Mayor of Dallas, Texas
    November 19 – Michael Wilbon, American sportswriter
    November 21 – David Reivers, Jamaican actor
    November 22
    Jamie Lee Curtis, American actress
    Bruce Payne, English actor and producer
    November 25 - Darlanne Fluegel, American actress
    November 27 – Tetsuya Komuro, Japanese music producer and song writer
    November 28 – Dave Righetti, American baseball player
    November 30 – Juliette Bergmann, Dutch bodybuilder
    December 1
    Charlene Tilton, American actress
    Javier Aguirre, Mexican football player and manager
    December 5 – Dynamite Kid, English professional wrestler
    December 6
    Nick Park, English filmmaker and animator
    Debbie Rowe, Ex-wife of pop star Michael Jackson, and the mother of two of his children
    December 10 – Cornelia Funke, German author
    December 11 – Nikki Sixx, American rock musician
    December 12
    Monica Attard, Australian journalist
    Lucie Guay, Canadian canoer
    Dag Ingebrigtsen, Norwegian musician
    Sheree J. Wilson, American actress
    December 13 – Lynn-Holly Johnson, American ice skater and actress
    December 14
    Mike Scott, Scottish singer-songwriter (The Waterboys)
    Spider Stacy, English musician (The Pogues)
    François Zocchetto, French politician
    December 21 – Kevin Blackwell, English football manager
    December 25
    Hanford Dixon, American football player
    Rickey Henderson, African-American baseball player
    December 28 – Twila Paris, American Christian musician
    December 29 – Lakhdar Belloumi, Algerian football player
    December 31 – Bebe Neuwirth, American actress
    [edit]Date unknown
    Helena Klakocar, Dutch cartoonist

    January 1
    Edward Weston, American photographer (b. 1886)
    Archibald Alphonso Alexander, American designer/governor (b. 1888)
    January 7 – Margaret Anglin, stage actress (b. 1876)
    January 8 – Paul Pilgrim, American athlete (b. 1883)
    January 11 – Edna Purviance, American actress (b. 1895)
    January 13 – Jesse L. Lasky, American film produer (b. 1880)
    January 16 – Aubrey Mather, English actor (b. 1885)
    January 19 – Cândido Rondon, Brazilian military officer (b. 1865)
    January 30 – Jean Crotti, Swiss artist (b. 1878)
    February 1 – Clinton Davisson, American physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1888)
    February 2 – Walter Kingsford, English actor (b. 1881)
    February 4
    Monta Bell, American actor (b. 1891)
    Henry Kuttner, American author (b. 1915)
    February 6
    Geoff Bent (b. 1932)
    Roger Byrne (b. 1929)
    Eddie Colman (b. 1936)
    Mark Jones (b. 1933)
    David Pegg (b. 1935)
    Tommy Taylor (b. 1932)
    Liam "Billy" Whelan (b. 1935), all footballers that perished in the Munich air disaster
    February 10 – Aleksander Klumberg, Estonian decathlete (b. 1899)
    February 13
    Christabel Pankhurst, English suffragette (b. 1880)
    Georges Rouault, French painter (b. 1871)
    Helen Twelvetrees, American actress (b. 1908)
    February 17 – Marguerite Snow, American actress (b. 1889)
    February 20 – Thurston Hall, American actor (b. 1882)
    February 21 – Duncan Edwards English footballer (b. 1936), injury in the Munich air disaster
    February 27 – Harry Cohn, American film producer (b. 1891)
    March 11 – Princess Ingeborg of Denmark (b. 1878)
    March 20 – Adegoke Adelabu, Nigerian politician (b. 1915) (car crash)
    March 21 – Cyril M. Kornbluth, American writer (b. 1923)
    March 22 (in plane crash)
    Mike Todd, American film producer (b. 1909)
    Art Cohn, American screenwriter (b. 1909)
    March 24 – Herbert Fields, American librettist and screenwriter (b. 1897)
    March 25 – Tom Brown, American musician (b. 1888)
    March 26 – Phil Mead, English cricketer (b. 1887)
    March 28 – W. C. Handy, African-American blues composer (b. 1873)
    April 2 – Willie Maley, Scottish football player and manager (b. 1868)
    April 8 – George Jean Nathan, American drama critic (b. 1882)
    April 15 – Estelle Taylor, American actress (b. 1894)
    April 16 – Rosalind Franklin, British crystallographer (b. 1920)
    April 19 – Billy Meredith, Welsh footballer (b. 1874)
    May 2 – Henry Cornelius, South African-born director (b. 1913)
    May 3 – Frank Foster, English cricketer (b. 1889)
    May 7 – Mihkel Lüdig, Estonian composer, organist and choir conductor (b. 1880)
    May 18 – Jacob Fichman, Israeli poet and essayist (b. 1881)
    May 19 – Ronald Colman, English actor (b. 1891)
    May 26 – Constantin Cantacuzino, Romanian aviator (b. 1905)
    May 29 – Juan Ramón Jiménez, Spanish writer, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1881)
    June 6
    Lloyd Hughes, American actor (b. 1897)
    Virginia Pearson, American actress (b. 1886)
    June 9 – Robert Donat, English actor (b. 1905)
    June 13 – Edwin Keppel Bennett, British writer (b. 1887)
    June 16
    Aleksandr Chervyakov, Prime Minister of the Byelorussian SSR (suicide) (b. 1892)
    Imre Nagy, Prime Minister of Hungary (executed) (b. 1896)
    June 20 – Kurt Alder, German chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1902)
    June 21 – Herbert Brenon, American film director (b. 1880)
    June 26 – George Orton, Canadian athlete (b. 1876)
    June 28 – Alfred Noyes, English poet (b. 1880)
    July 2 – Martha Boswell, American singer (b. 1905)
    July 14 (killed during coup d'état):
    King Faisal II of Iraq (b. 1935)
    'Abd al-Ilah, former regent of Iraq (b. 1913)
    July 15 – Julia Lennon, English mother of John Lennon (b. 1914)
    July 18 – Henry Farman, pioneer French aviator and aircraft company founder (b. 1874)
    July 20 – Franklin Pangborn, American actor (b. 1889)
    July 24 – Mabel Ballin, American actress (b. 1887)
    July 27
    Claire Lee Chennault, American aviator and general, leader of the Flying Tigers (b. 1893)
    Harry Warner, American studio executive (b. 1881)
    August 3 – Peter Collins, Formula 1 driver (b. 1931)
    August 8 – Barbara Bennett, American actress (b. 1906)
    August 14
    Frédéric Joliot, French physicist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Chemistry (b. 1900)
    Gladys Presley, American, mother of Elvis Presley (b. 1912)
    August 16 – Paul Panzer, German actor (b. 1872)
    August 18 – Bonar Colleano, American actor (b. 1924)
    August 22 – Roger Martin du Gard, French writer, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1881)
    August 24 – Paul Henry, Northern Irish artist (b. 1876)
    August 26 – Ralph Vaughan Williams, English composer (b. 1872)
    August 27 – Ernest Lawrence, American physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1901)
    September 11
    Hans Grundig, German artist (b. 1901)
    Robert W. Service, Scottish-born Canadian poet (b. 1874)
    September 16 – Alma Bennett, American actress (b. 1904)
    September 23 – Alfred Piccaver, British-American operatic tenor (b. 1884)
    October 9 – Pope Pius XII (b. 1876)
    October 17
    Charlie Townsend, English cricketer (b. 1876)
    Paul Outerbridge American photographer (b. 1896)
    October 15 – Jack Norton, American actor (b. 1882)
    October 24 – G. E. Moore, British philosopher of (Principia Ethica) (b. 1873)
    October 27 – Marshall Neilan, American actor and director (b. 1891)
    October 29 – Zoë Akins, American playwright, poet, and author (b. 1886)
    November 15
    Samuel Hopkins Adams, American writer (b. 1871)
    Tyrone Power, American actor (b. 1914)
    November 19 – Vittorio Ambrosio, Italian general (b. 1879)
    November 21 – Mel Ott, American baseball player (b. 1909)
    November 24
    Robert Cecil, 1st Viscount Cecil of Chelwood, English politician and diplomat, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (b. 1864)
    Harry Parke, American comedian (b. 1904)
    November 27 – Artur Rodzi?ski, Polish conductor (b. 1892)
    December 1 – Boots Mallory, American actress (b. 1913)
    December 8 – Tris Speaker, American baseball player (b. 1888)
    December 12 – Albert Walsh, Lieutenant Governor of Newfoundland (b. 1900)
    December 13 – Tim Moore, American comedian (b. 1887)
    December 15 – Wolfgang Ernst Pauli, Austrian-born physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1900)
    December 21 – H.B. Warner, English actor (b. 1875)
    December 29 – Doris Humphrey, American dancer and choreographer (b. 1895)
  23. EASmithV

    EASmithV Member

    Aug 22, 2008
    Multi Format
    Nobel Prizes

    Physics – Pavel Alekseyevich Cherenkov, Ilya Mikhailovich Frank, Igor Yevgenyevich Tamm
    Chemistry – Frederick Sanger
    Physiology or Medicine – George Wells Beadle, Edward Lawrie Tatum, Joshua Lederberg
    Literature – Boris Leonidovich Pasternak
    Peace – Georges Pire
  24. Dan Fromm

    Dan Fromm Member

    Mar 23, 2005
    Multi Format
    Which Pentax, Jim? I've always thought that Alpa did that -- SLR with coupled RF for luck or something -- first, also last.
  25. Ian Grant

    Ian Grant Subscriber

    Aug 2, 2004
    West Midland
    Multi Format
    The KW made Praktina had a direct view finder which was later copied by Pentax with the Asahiflex 1 (their first SLR) I'd guess this is being muddled with a rangefinder.

    Most early SLR's had to be stopped down manually to the working aperture after focussing so the direct finder gave an alternative bright way of framing. It was the lack of instant return mirrors, no preset aperture stop down, which made early SLR's less easy to use. Even early Pentax cameras were poor in this respect.

    It would be interesting to list what cameras etc were released around 1958 because that's the watershed when Pentax brought out the first of their modern Asahi Pentax SLR's with semi-auto aperture control, instant return mirror, better Pentaprism and shutter speeds, that's mirrored by other Japanese manufacturers like Minolta with the SR-2, Nikon joining them a year later.

    So the OP's right to highlight 1958 as a key fime of change.

    Last edited by a moderator: Apr 14, 2012
  26. CGW

    CGW Member

    Apr 19, 2010
    Medium Format
    Focusing on a single year or single innovation doesn't help much in understanding how change unfolded. Among the key innovations was marketing--something the Japanese and mostly American agencies had to puzzle out quickly in the late 50s-early 60s. Nikon arguably overshadowed and helped the SLR competition with its huge aspirational cachet, thanks to growing popularity among pro shooters--something Pentax and Minolta just didn't have. The watershed metaphor is a bit misleading.