Gear: Nikon F4, SB-28 I bought my first flash and im excited to use it, although pretty intimidated since im on a film camera and cant test and check, test and check. so to make an expensive learning curve cheaper i wanted to ask you guys some questions before i begin shooting. so where im starting at is with the sb-28 mounted on my camera, so lets start there w/o mention of triggers or a wire for now. again, the reason why im not just going out there and experimenting is because im on film and i want to start with a lot of knowledge to shorten the costly learning curve a bit. ____________________________________ 1. So let me get this straight. for basic flash photography, i have the flash pointed straight at my subject, choose my shutter speed to expose for ambient light, and choose my aperture to expose my flashed subject. TTL should select the proper flash output for me. easy as cake? lets say im outside at night with my friend in the middle of a street and there are some street lights, if i shoot him at 1/60 @ f/16, will i get a picture with a background nicely lit by the street lights and my friend nicely (not too harshly lit) lit by my flash? 2. For fill flash at daytime, tell me if i have this correct: I should expose aperture and shutter speed as i would normally without a flash, then point the flash straight up with the bounce card out, manually select at full power output and shoot? What happens if i try the same except on ttl mode? also, any tips on proper aiming with the bounce card? or is just sticking the flash straight up generally good enough 3. For indoors bounce flash, how the hell do you figure out exposure? does TTL still manage to work? Strobist mentioned a few stops of lost light from a bounce, does that mean you should set EV +2 or +3 to get the flash to output enough power to correctly expose the scene? does it matter if i set exposure compensation on my camera or flash. which one should i set it on, because i can adjust EV on either lets say im in a normal sized 15x15x15 room. im taking a picture of a friend on one side of the room, and im on the opposite end. i want to bounce flash towards him so i either bounce it off the ceiling down on top of him, or bounce the light behind me on to his front, or to his side (which would you prefer?). I would set my flash on TTL, set my desired shutter speed (for my camera my max sync speed is 1/250) , set my desired aperture, then set my EV +2 or +3 to trick my flash into increasing its output to compensate for the bouncing?